Kraken - The Consolidation of a Concept
A Brief history and introduction
Kraken was the prime mover in the destruction of the myth
that tropical marine fishes were almost impossible to keep and maintain in small
This myth was already showing cracks before Kraken’s
formation in 1968.
of Coral Reef Exhibits in Florida had proved the efficacy of air
powered sub-sand filtration systems hugely reducing initial equipment costs and
was publishing a bi-monthly magazine.
Tropic-Marin in Germany had synthesised a marine salt mix
which removed the need for hauling seawater from the coast if you lived inland.
Members of the
Marine Study Aquatic Society, formed in 1966 and later to become the
– some became founders of
Kraken – had formulated medications for
some of the most common ailments found in marine fish stocks.
The Dow Chemical Company had contributed by producing a
new silicone rubber sealant which allowed construction of all glass aquaria –
removing the risks associated with metal framed systems and mastics.
PetFish monthly magazine was born with a new
forward-looking editorial approach to the marine fishkeeping hobby,
Kraken was born into this nascent mix of
ideas, concepts and cross disciplinary knowledge, together with another
company formed by a Brighton schoolteacher, Graham Cox
– later to become
SeAquariums / Waterlife.
Later in Kraken’s development it was also considerably
aided by Hilary Guneratne of Fonthill Aquaria who pioneered the importation of
reasonably priced and relatively inexpensive fishes and invertebrates from
own business in Ceylon ( now Sri Lanka)